USDD’s core mission is to provide the blockchain world with an Over-Collateralized Decentralized Stablecoin. As the custodian of the USDD, The TRON DAO RESERVE(TDR) has adopted a series of monetary policies to maintain the USDD’s price stability and spur growth in the TRON ecosystem based on the market conditions, and the TDR has always been intensively working on how to further ensure the USDD’s price stability, and drive the continued growth of the USDD ecosystem.

The PSM solution has already been tested and used extensively in the industry, Thus, it can be one of the monetary policies to maintain the stability of USDD’s price. The TDR will introduce the new Peg Stability Module(PSM) for the USDD ecosystem, which actually goes a step further on the stability improvement of the USDD price. At the same time, providing safer and more stable infrastructure for the USDD ecosystem, and jointly promotes the sustainable and healthy development of the USDD ecosystem.

PSM Mechanism

As a USDD fixed ratio SWAP module, PSM allows users to exchange USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ to USDD at a fixed ratio of 1:1. Similarly, it also allows users to exchange USDD to USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ at a fixed ratio of 1:1. During the entire exchange process, users do not need to undertake any debt and management tasks. More importantly, PSM has an excellent experience of 0 slippage and 0 handling fee, which helps the USDD price to stabilize at around 1 USD.

The PSM mechanism perfectly combines the USDD issuance mechanism and introduces a new issuance method for USDD. the current USDD issuance process mainly consists of the following three steps (Please refer to the white paper for a detailed description of the issuance process).

  1. TDR members deposit TRX to the TRX Burning Contract.

  2. TDR will calculate the equivalent US dollars according to the current exchange ratio, and transfer the equivalent TRC-10 USDD from the Authorized Contract to the circulation account via multi-signature.

  3. The TDR converts TRC-10 USDD in the circulation account into TRC-20 USDD and then transfers the USDD to TDR members.

With the newly introduced PSM, the process of USDD SWAP is actually the process of USDD issuing via the fixed ratio collateralizing. All PSM users actually participate in the issuance of USDD. The detailed process is as follows:

  1. TDR releases the authorized and unissued TRC-10 USDD from the authorization contract to the safeVault contract of PSM.

  2. When PSM executed the USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ → USDD SWAP, it will convert TRC-10 USDD in safeVault to TRC-20 USDD and release it to users. In reverse conversion, TRC-20 USDD will be converted into TRC-10 USDD and transferred to the safeVault contract.

Note: The TRC-10 USDD in safeVault will not affect the total supply of USDD. Only when the exchange is completed, the total supply will change accordingly.

  • Increase the total supply: When users successfully convert USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ into USDD, the total supply of USDD will increase accordingly.

  • Reduced the total supply: When users successfully convert USDD into USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ, the total supply of USDD will be reduced accordingly.

PSM Contracts

VAT * TBbYhvifBJVQ5ytThJ5ZfHfX8mK133ccqv

USDDJoin * TUhQDzXJ3QsT6F2KiK5gZ3H673TV1516E9

GemJoin * TMn5WeW8a8KH9o8rBQux4RCgckD2SuMZmS

USDT PSM * TM9gWuCdFGNMiT1qTq1bgw4tNhJbsESfjA

USDT Quota * TEVuAK3cXeG93wJLE2Hv4U2sx69hFovnjU

USDC GemJoin * TRGTuMiDYAbztetdndYyMzYvtaRmucjz5q

USDC PSM * TUcj1rpMgJCcFZULyq7uLbkmfh9xMnYTmA

USDC Quota * TQnAGXspTiqJVvdNqUk8giSBFW4Ykt2Gxm

TUSD GemJoin * TPxcmB9dQC3LHswCNEc4rJs1HFGb8McYjT

TUSD PSM * TY2op6AKcEkFhv8hxNJj3FBUfjManxYLSe

TUSD Quota * TSApGmpYaPqKrQahjzbs7yrMjobSfugpXT

USDJ GemJoin * TKAovR61zwp1t9Rg1UE4UY5mXt7QTJdDXg


USDJ Quota * TMdUs66Y4GQjdsPLkDPu2bmDVze6ErZSFY

safeVault TMgSSHn8APyUVViqXxtveqFEB7mBBeGqNP

* This contract is controlled by multiple signatures, managed by 7 different TDR members, and the transaction is valid when 5 of them have signed.


Improve the price stability of USDD through a stable peg

The number one objective of the TDR is to maintain the price stability of USDD and secure the USDD peg close to $1 U.S. dollar. PSM as a fixed exchange ratio swap module (allowing users to exchange between USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ and USDD at a ratio of 1:1) is an important step in achieving this goal, introducing a more stable Peg for USDD, increasing the stability of USDD pice.

The arbitrage mechanism will also help to maintain price stability. When the USDD price deviates from the USD price, there is an arbitrage opportunity in the market.

  • When USDD's price < 1 USD, for example 1 USDD = 0.9 USD, an arbitrageur can buy 1 USDD with 0.9 USD in the external market and then swap 1 USDD for 1 USD stablecoin in the PSM. In this way, the arbitrageur spends 0.9 USD to get 1 USD and earns 0.1 USD without taking any risks. As a result of the above arbitrage, USDD's price will increase, to the point where there is no room for arbitrage and 1 USDD re-equates to 1 USD.

  • When USDD's price > 1 USD, for example 1 USDD = 1.1 USD, an arbitrageur can pay 1 USD stablecoin for 1 USDD in the PSM. After that, the arbitrageur can sell 1 USDD in the external market at 1.1 USD. The arbitrageur spends 1 USD to get 1.1 USD and earns 0.1 USD without taking any risks. As a result of the above arbitrage, USDD's price will go down, to the point where there is no room for arbitrage and 1 USDD re-equates to 1 USD.

At the same time, the PSM module will also accumulate a large amount of USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ as collateral to stabilize the price of USDD. After PSM supports more stablecoins in the future, the stabilization effect will be strengthened with the increase of the number of stablecoins and the increase of the collateral scale. The collateral also provides very considerable liquidity for the USDD ecosystem, providing a reliable source for the sale of USDD, and its stable peg will also help to mint more USDD. At the same time, different stablecoins can also be exchanged with each other via the USDD, thus helping the system to quickly restore balance.

New Application Scenarios

While stabilizing the USDD price, PSM also provides a new trading hub between different stablecoins. After the introduction of multiple stablecoins in PSM, each stablecoin can be exchanged at a low cost of a 1:1 ratio through USDD as an intermediary, which also brings a new application scenario to the USDD ecosystem. The integration of PSM can easily realize a stablecoins swap, which will ultimately help to improve the overall liquidity of the DeFi ecosystem.

A reliable signal for USDD ecological governance

Adjusting the USDD interest ratio according to market dynamics is also one of the most important monetary policies of TDR, to achieve the goal of long-term stable growth of the USDD market. Since changes in market dynamics are immediately reflected in the balance of USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ and USDD in PSM, the PSM module also provides a reliable signal for interest ratio adjustments. With the powerful concept of PSM, it can provide more possibilities and directions for the USDD ecosystem governance.


The governance of PSM is mainly accomplished by adjusting the parameters of the smart contract. In extreme market conditions, PSM can adjust the corresponding parameters of the smart contract according to the real-time market conditions to deal with the extreme challenge from the market, protect the asset safety of investors and users, and maintain the market stability. In general, the most core parameter in the entire governance is Swap Limit. It can be used to control the maximum amount of USDD that can be exchanged in the system.

At the same time, supporting multiple stablecoins can also be seen as an important means of risk management, spreading risks among multiple stablecoins rather than concentrating them in one stablecoin.

The PSM Fee parameter can also be a governance method. This parameter allows PSM to charge a small fee for each transaction. On the one hand, it can better balance the market, and at the same time, the fee can also help PSM achieve better governance.

Key Parameters

Swap Limit (line)

The Swap Limit refers to the maximum USDD limit that can be exchanged globally in PSM.

Fee In (tin)

The percentage fee is applied when trading the USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ into the PSM in exchange for USDD.

Fee Out (tout)

The percentage fee is applied when trading USDD into the PSM in exchange for the USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ.

User Interaction

Users can find the PSM portal from:

Users can choose to complete the SWAP through the PSM portal, or directly call the PSM contract to complete the exchange. For the Defi projects, it is super easy to integrate PSM into the DEX aggregator to complete the transaction.


The number of transactions that a PSM can offer is limited by the Swap Limit and the number of stablecoins available in the liquidity pool. If PSM has reached the exchange limit, it cannot offer USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ → USDD exchange transactions. Likewise, if there is not enough USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ in the PSM, then the PSM cannot complete the USDD → USDT/USDC/TUSD/USDJ exchange.

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